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Peptides. 1990 Mar-Apr;11(2):345-9.

FMRF-NH2-like peptide is deficient in the pituitary gland of the Brattleboro rat.

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1
Laboratory of Biochemical Genetics, NIMH Neuroscience Center, St. Elizabeths, Washington, DC 20032.

Abstract

Phe-Leu-Phe-Gln-Pro-Gln-Arg-Phe-NH2 (F-8-F-NH2), isolated from bovine brain, is an FMRF-NH2-like peptide with morphine-modulating activity. In the rat, F-8-F-NH2 immunoreactivity (IR) is highly localized in the neurohypophysis. In this study, F-8-F-NH2-IR was studied in the hypothalamo-neurohypophyseal system of an Arg8-vasopressin (AVP)-deficient animal, the Brattleboro (DI) rat, and the normal control Long-Evans (LE) strain. F-8-F-NH2-IR in the DI pituitary is below the level of detection in contrast to that in the LE (0.50 +/- 0.04 pmol/gland). Neuropeptide Y (NPY) levels are increased two-fold in the DI pituitary while AVP levels are below detection. The content of F-8-F-NH2-IR in the hypothalami and spinal cords of DI and LE rats is not statistically different, suggesting that the absence of F-8-F-NH2-IR in the Brattleboro pituitary is not due to a genetic defect in F-8-F-NH2 biosynthesis. The results of this study raise the question whether AVP could be involved in the regulation of F-8-F-NH2 immunoreactivity in the neurohypophysis.

PMID:
2356158
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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