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J Agric Food Chem. 2013 May 1;61(17):4026-34. doi: 10.1021/jf400472s. Epub 2013 Apr 17.

Rapid characterization of wheat low molecular weight glutenin subunits by ultraperformance liquid chromatography (UPLC).

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College of Life Science, Capital Normal University , 100048 Beijing, China.


Low molecular weight glutenin subunits (LMW-GS), as important seed storage proteins, together with HMW-GS significantly define unique dough viscoelastic properties. In this study, a rapid ultraperformance liquid chromatography (UPLC) method for the separation and characterization of LMW-GS in wheat was optimized and established. The fast, reproducible, and high-resolution UPLC separation of LMW-GS could be obtained by gradually increasing eluting gradient from 21 to 47% in 30 min at flow rate of 0.55 mL/min and 60 °C for separation temperature. By this method, analysis of one sample could be completed in <20 min, significantly less time than the traditional reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) method. Under the optimized conditions, the genetic features of LMW-GS and genotype × environmental interaction were successfully analyzed, leading to a fast identification of 17 main LMW-GS alleles that were related to different quality properties in wheat. The results demonstrated that UPLC could be a powerful and alternative tool for genetic and proteomic studies of wheat grain proteins and fast identification or screening of desirable LMW-GS alleles in wheat quality improvement.

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