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J Spec Pediatr Nurs. 2013 Apr;18(2):109-14. doi: 10.1111/jspn.12018. Epub 2013 Mar 5.

Effect of distraction on children's pain during intravenous catheter insertion.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This study examined the effect of pressing a soft ball during intravenous catheter insertion (IVCI) on the intensity of pain in children ages 4-6 years.

DESIGN AND METHODS:

In this quasi-experimental study, children in the intervention group were asked to press a soft ball with the opposite hand during IVCI and to immediately mark the Wong-Baker FACES Pain Rating Scale.

RESULTS:

There was a significant difference in the intensity of pain between the control group (n = 30) and the intervention group (n = 30; p =.012).

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS:

Pressing a soft ball during IVCI may be an easily accessed, inexpensive, and effective technique to control or reduce pain in young children.

PMID:
23560582
DOI:
10.1111/jspn.12018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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