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Antivir Ther. 2013;18(6):745-54. doi: 10.3851/IMP2566. Epub 2013 Apr 4.

Pharmacokinetic interactions between lersivirine and zidovudine, tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine and abacavir/lamivudine.

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Pfizer Global Research and Development, New York, NY, USA.



To investigate pharmacokinetic interactions associated with coadministration of lersivirine with zidovudine, tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (DF)/emtricitabine (Truvada(®)) or abacavir/lamivudine (Epzicom(®)/Kivexa(®)).


Three Phase I, open, crossover studies with two (studies 1 and 3) or three (study 2) treatment periods were conducted in healthy individuals. In study 1, individuals received zidovudine and placebo or zidovudine and lersivirine on days 1-14. In study 2, individuals received lersivirine and tenofovir DF/emtricitabine, lersivirine and placebo or tenofovir DF/emtricitabine and placebo on days 1-10. In study 3, individuals received abacavir/lamivudine only in period 1 (5 days) and abacavir/lamivudine and lersivirine in period 2 (10 days). Blood samples were taken on days 1-14 (study 1) or day of final dose (studies 2 and 3) and analysed using high performance liquid chromatography/dual mass spectrometry. Pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by standard non-compartmental methods.


When coadministered with lersivirine, zidovudine exposure increased by 35%, and exposure of its metabolite zidovudine-glucuronide decreased by 19%. Following coadministration of lersivirine and tenofovir DF/emtricitabine, tenofovir exposure increased by 30%, and lersivirine exposure decreased by 12%. Coadministration of lersivirine and abacavir/lamivudine increased abacavir exposure by 27% and decreased lamivudine exposure by 8%. Adverse events were predominantly mild in these Phase I studies.


Coadministration of lersivirine with zidovudine, tenofovir DF/emtricitabine or abacavir/lamivudine influenced the systemic exposure of all nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor agents investigated (except for lamivudine; emtricitabine pharmacokinetics were not assessed). Changes were not considered clinically meaningful for zidovudine and abacavir. The clinical relevance of the effect on tenofovir pharmacokinetics is currently unknown.

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