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Free Radic Biol Med. 2014 Jan;66:3-12. doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2013.03.022. Epub 2013 Apr 2.

Role of vitamin E as a lipid-soluble peroxyl radical scavenger: in vitro and in vivo evidence.

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1
Health Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science & Technology, Ikeda, Osaka 563-8577, Japan. Electronic address: etsuo-niki@aist.go.jp.

Abstract

Multiple reactive oxygen/nitrogen species induce oxidative stress. Mammals have evolved with an elaborate defense network against oxidative stress, in which multiple antioxidant compounds and enzymes with different functions exert their respective roles. Radical scavenging is one of the essential roles of antioxidants and vitamin E is the most abundant and important lipophilic radical-scavenging antioxidant in vivo. The kinetic data and physiological molar ratio of vitamin E to substrates show that the peroxyl radicals are the only radicals that vitamin E can scavenge to break chain propagation efficiently and that vitamin E is unable to act as a potent scavenger of hydroxyl, alkoxyl, nitrogen dioxide, and thiyl radicals in vivo. The preventive effect of vitamin E against the oxidation mediated by nonradical oxidants such as hypochlorite, singlet oxygen, ozone, and enzymes may be limited in vivo. The synergistic interaction of vitamin E and vitamin C is effective for enhancing the antioxidant capacity of vitamin E. The in vitro and in vivo evidence of the function of vitamin E as a peroxyl radical-scavenging antioxidant and inhibitor of lipid peroxidation is presented.

KEYWORDS:

2,2′-azobis(2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride; AAPH; Antioxidant; Free radicals; H(P)ODE; HETE; Lipid peroxidation; PUFA; RNS; ROS; Reactive oxygen species; Vitamin E; hydro(pero)xyoctadecadienoic acid; hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid; polyunsaturated fatty acid; reactive nitrogen species; reactive oxygen species

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