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Chin Med J (Engl). 2013 Apr;126(7):1350-4.

Stress-induced growth-differentiation factor 15 plays an intriguing role in cardiovascular diseases.

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1
Department of Cardiology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710032, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To provide an overview of the current knowledge of growth-differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15) in heart disease.

DATA SOURCES:

To identify relevant publications, we searched PubMED database combining the textual terms of heart, cardiac, cardiovascular disease with GDF-15.

STUDY SELECTION:

Well-controlled, relatively large-scale, retrospective studies as well as meaningful individual cases were all selected as materials.

RESULTS:

GDF-15 is a distant member of the transforming growth factor-β cytokine superfamily. In myocardium, GDF-15 is weakly expressed under physiological conditions. However, its expression level is increased in response to pathological stress. Growing evidence indicate that elevated levels of GDF-15 is a promising prognostic biomarker in cardiovascular diseases. Moreover, GDF-15 exhibits the properties of endogenous anti-hypertrophy of cardiomyocytes and protecting the heart suffering from ischemia and reperfusion insult.

CONCLUSION:

Ve GDF-15 may be a promising biomarker for evaluation and management of patient with cardiovascular diseases, and have potential protective properties on myocardium.

PMID:
23557570
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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