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PLoS One. 2013;8(3):e60569. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0060569. Epub 2013 Mar 29.

Dried plum's unique capacity to reverse bone loss and alter bone metabolism in postmenopausal osteoporosis model.

Author information

1
Department of Nutritional Sciences, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma, United States of America.

Abstract

Interest in dried plum has increased over the past decade due to its promise in restoring bone and preventing bone loss in animal models of osteoporosis. This study compared the effects of dried plum on bone to other dried fruits and further explored the potential mechanisms of action through which dried plum may exert its osteoprotective effects. Adult osteopenic ovariectomized (OVX) C57BL/6 mice were fed either a control diet or a diet supplemented with 25% (w/w) dried plum, apple, apricot, grape or mango for 8 weeks. Whole body and spine bone mineral density improved in mice consuming the dried plum, apricot and grape diets compared to the OVX control mice, but dried plum was the only fruit to have an anabolic effect on trabecular bone in the vertebra and prevent bone loss in the tibia. Restoration of biomechanical properties occurred in conjunction with the changes in trabecular bone in the spine. Compared to other dried fruits in this study, dried plum was unique in its ability to down-regulate osteoclast differentiation coincident with up-regulating osteoblast and glutathione (GPx) activity. These alterations in bone metabolism and antioxidant status compared to other dried fruits provide insight into dried plum's unique effects on bone.

PMID:
23555991
PMCID:
PMC3612052
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0060569
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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