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Clin Anat. 2014 May;27(4):537-44. doi: 10.1002/ca.22236. Epub 2013 Mar 28.

Petrus Camper: A history and overview of the clinical importance of Camper's fascia in surgical anatomy.

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Department of Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, St. George's University, Grenada.


Petrus Camper's contributions to modern anatomical science include descriptions of the foot, upper limb, axilla, and inguinal region. His explanation of the etiology of inguinal hernias revolutionized the surgical practice of their repair. Camper's description of abdominal anatomy was an invaluable contribution to the field of abdominal surgery. Current research reviewed in this article shows the importance of understanding the layers of the abdominal wall, notably Camper's fascia, the closure of which has been found to be vital to proper wound healing and patient recovery. This article begins with a biography of Petrus Camper and his research in the inguinal region. It continues with anatomical and histological descriptions of Camper's fascia and finishes with its clinical correlates in surgical practice.


abdominal wall; facial angle; fascia approximation; inguinal hernia; surgical wound closure

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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