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JAMA Dermatol. 2013 Jun;149(6):692-8. doi: 10.1001/jamadermatol.2013.2301.

Improving management and patient care in lentigo maligna by mapping with in vivo confocal microscopy.

Author information

1
Melanoma Institute Australia, The University of Sydney, Sydney Melanoma Diagnostic Centre, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Missenden Rd, Camperdown, NSW 2050, Australia. pascale.guitera@melanoma.org.au

Abstract

IMPORTANCE:

Lentigo maligna (LM) is a clinical, pathologic, and therapeutic challenge with a higher risk of local recurrence than other types of melanoma correctly treated and also carries the cosmetically sensitive localization of head and neck.

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether in vivo reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) mapping of difficult LM cases might alter patient care and management.

DESIGN:

Analysis of LM and LM melanoma (LMM) in a series of patients with large facial lesions requiring complex reconstructive surgery and/or recurrent or poorly delineated lesions at any body sites were investigated.

SETTINGS:

Two tertiary referral melanoma centers in Sydney, Australia.

PARTICIPANTS:

Thirty-seven patients with LM (including 5 with LMM) were mapped with RCM. Fifteen patients had a recurrent LM, including 9 with multiple prior recurrences. The LM was classified amelanotic in 10 patients, lightly pigmented in 9, and partially pigmented in 18.

INTERVENTIONS:

The RCM images were obtained in 4 radial directions (allowing for anatomic barriers) for LM margin delineation using an RCM LM score previously described by our research team.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Differences in the margin of LM as determined by RCM vs dermoscopy vs histopathologic analysis.

RESULTS:

Seventeen of 29 patients (59%) with dermoscopically visible lesions had subclinical (RCM-identified) disease evident more than 5 mm beyond the dermoscopy margin (ie, beyond the excision margin recommended in published guidelines). The RCM mapping changed the management in 27 patients (73%): 11 patients had a major change in their surgical procedure, and 16 were offered radiotherapy or imiquimod treatment as a consequence of the RCM findings. Treatment was surgical in 17 of 37 patients. Surgical excision margins (based on the RCM mapping) were histopathologically involved in only 2 patients, each of whom had an LM lesion larger than 6 cm.

CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE:

In vivo RCM can provide valuable information facilitating optimal patient care management.

PMID:
23553208
DOI:
10.1001/jamadermatol.2013.2301
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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