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Indian J Ophthalmol. 2013 Jul;61(7):334-7. doi: 10.4103/0301-4738.97552.

Contact lens use and its compliance for care among healthcare workers in Pakistan.

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1
Department of Community Health Sciences, Hamdard College of Medicine and Dentistry, Hamdard University, Karachi, Pakistan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Poor care and hygiene of contact lens (CL) results in eye problems and infections. Healthcare workers have an important role in advocating correct lens care.

OBJECTIVES:

To determine the practices of CL care and the adverse consequences of poor CL care among healthcare workers.

SETTING AND DESIGN:

A cross-sectional study in one public and three private sector hospitals in Karachi, Pakistan, in 2009-2010.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

We questioned 500 healthcare workers of all ages and both sexes, who wore CL, about compliance with advice on care and any complications due to improper hygiene practices. Ethical approval was obtained. Chi-square tests were used to determine significance and p-value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

RESULTS:

Of the total CL users, 385 (77%) were females. Most (75%) respondents wore CL to correct myopia, whereas 54% wore CL only occasionally. Surprisingly, only 24% knew the CL cleaning protocol. Lens solution was changed daily by 33% of users and after more than 2 weeks by 42%. Although 412 (82%) participants practised reasonable hand hygiene before inserting CL, 88 (18%) did not. Infection and eye dryness were statistically significantly (P < 0.01) associated with sex, hand-washing, and frequency of CL use.

CONCLUSION:

Noncompliance with the CL protocol was common among healthcare workers in our society. This behavior calls for targeted health education and awareness programs for healthcare workers.

PMID:
23552347
PMCID:
PMC3759103
DOI:
10.4103/0301-4738.97552
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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