Format

Send to

Choose Destination

RETRACTED ARTICLE

See: Retraction Notice

See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Low Genit Tract Dis. 2013 Apr 2. doi: 10.1097/LGT.0b013e31826febb0. Epub 2013 Apr 2.

The patterns and criteria of vaginal douching and the risk of preterm labor among upper Egypt women.

Author information

1
Woman's Health Center, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Our study identifies vaginal douching as a risk factor for preterm labor and specifies the risk according to the method, frequency, nature, and timing of douching.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

This is a hospital-based case-control study. A total of 480 women were recruited. Women were classified into case group (history of preterm labor) and control group (no history of preterm labor). An interview questionnaire was administered, which included participants' data and criteria of douching practice.

RESULTS:

Among participants who regularly douched (73.13%), 281 (80.06%) used it for cleanliness and religious considerations. Women who have been regularly douched were at higher risk of preterm labor (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 1.9; 95% CI = 1.078-3.278; p = .026). The method (fingers vs pump) and the frequency of douching were significantly relevant. The risk of douching during pregnancy was borderline (adjusted OR = 2.1; 95% CI = 1.001-4.446; p =.05). Douching several times per day has an OR of 4.05 (95% CI = 1.196-13.737; p =.025) when compared with the monthly frequency.

CONCLUSIONS:

Vaginal douching is associated with higher risk of preterm labor. We recommend that the risk of asymptomatic bacterial vaginosis should be considered.

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    Loading ...
    Support Center