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Br J Nutr. 2013 Nov 14;110(9):1664-71. doi: 10.1017/S0007114513000949. Epub 2013 Apr 3.

n-3 and n-6 Fatty acids are independently associated with lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis.

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1
Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, University of Minnesota, 420 Delaware Street, SE, Mayo Mail Code 609, Minneapolis, MN 55455-0392, USA.

Abstract

Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) is an independent risk factor for CVD and has been proposed as a marker of vascular inflammation. Polyunsaturated n-3 fatty acids (FA) and several n-6 FA are known to suppress inflammation and may influence Lp-PLA2 mass and activity. The associations of n-3 and n-6 plasma FA with Lp-PLA2 mass and activity were analysed using linear regression analysis in 2246 participants of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis; statistical adjustments were made to control for body mass, inflammation, lipids, diabetes, and additional clinical and demographic factors. Lp-PLA2 mass and activity were significantly lower in participants with the higher n-3 FA EPA (β = - 4·72, P< 0·001; β = - 1·53; P= 0·023) and DHA levels (β = - 4·47, β = - 1·87; both P< 0·001). Those in the highest quintiles of plasma EPA and DHA showed 12·71 and 19·15 ng/ml lower Lp-PLA2 mass and 5·7 and 8·90 nmol/min per ml lower Lp-PLA2 activity than those in the first quintiles, respectively. In addition, lower Lp-PLA2 mass and activity were associated with higher levels of n-6 arachidonic acid (β = - 1·63, β = - 1·30; both P< 0·001), while γ-linolenic acid was negatively associated with activity (β = - 27·7, P= 0·027). Lp-PLA2 mass was significantly higher in participants with greater plasma levels of n-6 linoleic (β = 0·828, P= 0·011) and dihomo-γ-linolenic acids (β = 4·17, P= 0·002). Based on their independent associations with Lp-PLA2 mass and activity, certain n-3 and n-6 FA may have additional influences on CVD risk. Intervention studies are warranted to assess whether these macronutrients may directly influence Lp-PLA2 expression or activity.

PMID:
23551952
PMCID:
PMC4060439
DOI:
10.1017/S0007114513000949
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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