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MBio. 2013 Apr 2;4(2). pii: e00135-13. doi: 10.1128/mBio.00135-13.

Rapid detection of HIV-1 proviral DNA for early infant diagnosis using recombinase polymerase amplification.

Author information

1
Program for Appropriate Technology in Health, Seattle, WA, USA. dboyle@path.org

Abstract

Early diagnosis and treatment of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection in infants can greatly reduce mortality rates. However, current infant HIV-1 diagnostics cannot reliably be performed at the point of care, often delaying treatment and compromising its efficacy. Recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) is a novel technology that is ideal for an HIV-1 diagnostic, as it amplifies target DNA in <20 min at a constant temperature, without the need for complex thermocycling equipment. Here we tested 63 HIV-1-specific primer and probe combinations and identified two RPA assays that target distinct regions of the HIV-1 genome (long terminal repeat [LTR] and pol) and can reliably detect 3 copies of proviral DNA by the use of fluorescence detection and lateral-flow strip detection. These pol and LTR primers amplified 98.6% and 93%, respectively, of the diverse HIV-1 variants tested. This is the first example of an isothermal assay that consistently detects all of the major HIV-1 global subtypes.

PMID:
23549916
PMCID:
PMC3622927
DOI:
10.1128/mBio.00135-13
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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