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Eur Spine J. 2013 Jul;22(7):1633-42. doi: 10.1007/s00586-013-2759-8. Epub 2013 Apr 3.

Surgical treatment for osteoporotic vertebral collapse with neurological deficits: retrospective comparative study of three procedures--anterior surgery versus posterior spinal shorting osteotomy versus posterior spinal fusion using vertebroplasty.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, 2-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan. mkashii-osk@umin.ac.jp

Abstract

PURPOSE:

In general, osteoporotic vertebral collapse (OVC) with neurological deficits requires sufficient decompression of neural tissues to restore function level in activities of daily living (ADL). However, it remains unclear as to which procedure provides better neurological recovery. The primary purpose of this study was to compare neurological recovery among three typical procedures for OVC with neurological deficits. Secondary purpose was to compare postoperative ADL function.

METHODS:

We retrospectively reviewed data for 88 patients (29 men and 59 women) with OVC and neurological deficits who underwent surgery. Three typical kinds of surgical procedures with different decompression methods were used: (1) anterior direct neural decompression and reconstruction (AR group: 27 patients), (2) posterior spinal shorting osteotomy with direct neural decompression (PS group: 36 patients), and (3) posterior indirect neural decompression and short-segment spinal fusion combined with vertebroplasty (VP group: 25 patients). We examined clinical results regarding neurological deficits and function level in ADL and radiological results.

RESULTS:

The mean improvement rates for neurological deficits and ADL function level were 60.1 and 55.0%, respectively. There were no significant differences among three groups in improvement rates for neurological deficits or ADL function level. The VP group had a significantly lower estimated mean blood loss (338 mL) and mean duration of surgery (229 min) than both the AR and PS groups (p < 0.001).

CONCLUSION:

Direct neural decompression is not always necessary, and the majority of patients can be treated with a less-invasive procedure such as short-segment posterior spinal fusion with indirect decompression combined with vertebroplasty. The high-priority issue is careful evaluation of patients' general health and osteoporosis severity, so that the surgeon can choose the procedure best suited for each patient.

PMID:
23549907
PMCID:
PMC3698340
DOI:
10.1007/s00586-013-2759-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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