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Horm Metab Res. 2013 Aug;45(8):567-71. doi: 10.1055/s-0033-1337988. Epub 2013 Apr 2.

Mechanism of insulin resistance in normal pregnancy.

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1
Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK. kenneth.hodson@ncl.ac.uk

Abstract

Normal pregnancy is associated with insulin resistance although the mechanism is not understood. Increased intramyocellular lipid is closely associated with the insulin resistance of type 2 diabetes and obesity, and the aim of this study was to determine whether this was so for the physiological insulin resistance of pregnancy. Eleven primiparous healthy pregnant women (age: 27-39 years, body mass index 24.0±3.1 kg/m2) and no personal or family history of diabetes underwent magnetic resonance studies to quantify intramyocellular lipid, plasma lipid fractions, and insulin sensitivity. The meal-related insulin sensitivity index was considerably lower in pregnancy (45.6±9.9 vs. 193.0±26.1; 10(-4) dl/kg/min per pmol/l, p=0.0002). Fasting plasma triglyceride levels were elevated 3-fold during pregnancy (2.3±0.2 vs. 0.8±0.1 mmol/l, p<0.01) and the low-density density lipoprotein fraction, responsible for fatty acid delivery to muscle and other tissues, was 6-fold elevated (0.75±0.43 vs. 0.12±0.09 mmol/l; p=0.001). However, mean intramyocellular lipid concentrations of the soleus muscle were not different during pregnancy (20.0±2.3 vs. 19.1±3.2 mmol/l, p=0.64). The pregnancy effect on muscle insulin resistance is distinct from that underlying type 2 diabetes.

PMID:
23549674
DOI:
10.1055/s-0033-1337988
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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