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Ann Surg. 2014 Jan;259(1):109-16. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0b013e31828dfa5d.

Advantage of completely laparoscopic gastrectomy with linear stapled reconstruction: a long-term follow-up study.

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1
From the Department of Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Completely laparoscopic gastrectomy with intracorporeal anastomosis was introduced to achieve safer anastomosis and smaller scars. Although several reports have shown the feasibility of linear-stapled anastomosis, there are no studies of a large number of patients assessing the long-term complications and functional outcomes.

METHODS:

This retrospective study included 345 patients who had intended to undergo completely laparoscopic distal or total gastrectomy with linear-stapled anastomosis between September 2005 and January 2012. This study evaluated both the short- and long-term complications, as well as the endoscopic findings, changes in body weight and serum albumin.

RESULTS:

Completely laparoscopic gastrectomy was successfully achieved in 342 patients (99.1%). Short-term complications occurred in 59 patients (17.3%). Reconstruction-related complications were observed in 19 patients (5.6%). Three patients with anastomotic leakage required reoperation. No patient experienced anastomotic stenosis over a mean follow-up period of 29.6 months. Two patients underwent an emergency operation for an internal hernia after total gastrectomy. Adhesive intestinal obstruction was observed in 5 patients (1.5%), but all were resolved without surgical intervention. Body weight loss at 2 years after distal and total gastrectomy was 7.2% and 13.9%, which were similar to previous reports of open surgery.

CONCLUSIONS:

Completely laparoscopic gastrectomy with linear-stapled anastomosis is a feasible choice for gastric cancer patients with some potential long-term advantages such as less anastomotic stenosis and fewer adhesive intestinal obstructions.

PMID:
23549426
DOI:
10.1097/SLA.0b013e31828dfa5d
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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