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J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2013 Jul;33(7):969-82. doi: 10.1038/jcbfm.2013.44. Epub 2013 Apr 3.

Ionic transporter activity in astrocytes, microglia, and oligodendrocytes during brain ischemia.

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Division of Pharmacology, Department of Neuroscience, School of Medicine, Federico II University of Naples, Naples, Italy.


Glial cells constitute a large percentage of cells in the nervous system. During recent years, a large number of studies have critically attributed to glia a new role which no longer reflects the long-held view that glia constitute solely a silent and passive supportive scaffolding for brain cells. Indeed, it has been hypothesized that glia, partnering neurons, have a much more actively participating role in brain function. Alteration of intraglial ionic homeostasis in response to ischemic injury has a crucial role in inducing and maintaining glial responses in the ischemic brain. Therefore, glial transporters as potential candidates in stroke intervention are becoming promising targets to enhance an effective and additional therapy for brain ischemia. In this review, we will describe in detail the role played by ionic transporters in influencing astrocyte, microglia, and oligodendrocyte activity and the implications that these transporters have in the progression of ischemic lesion.

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