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Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2013;161(3):213-9. doi: 10.1159/000346318. Epub 2013 Mar 15.

Efficacy of recombinant allergens for diagnosis of cockroach allergy in patients with asthma and/or rhinitis.

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1
Department of Medicine, School of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Immunoglobulin E (IgE) reactivity to individual allergens among cockroach-allergic patients has revealed wide variability. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of recombinant cockroach allergens for skin testing, and to determine sensitization profiles among cockroach-allergic patients living in Brazil.

METHODS:

Fifty-seven cockroach-allergic patients with asthma and/or rhinitis were recruited. Skin testing with recombinant (r) allergens from Periplaneta americana (rPer a 1 and rPer a 7) and Blattella germanica (rBla g 2, rBla g 4 and rBla g 5) were performed at 10 μg/ml and 5 μg/ml (rPer a 1). IgE antibodies to rPer a 7 and rPer a 1 were quantitated by ELISA.

RESULTS:

Of 57 patients tested, 3 (5.3%), 24 (42.1%), 4 (7%), 3 (5.3%) and 4 (7%) showed positive reactions to rPer a 1, rPer a 7, rBla g 2, rBla g 4 and rBla g 5, respectively. Twenty-eight patients (49.1%) had positive tests to at least one allergen. In keeping with skin test results, 31/57 patients (54.4%) and 5/55 patients (9%) had detectable IgE to rPer a 7 and rPer a 1, respectively. Levels of IgE to rPer a 7 were higher in patients with positive tests to rPer a 7 than those with negative tests (geometric mean 13.2 and 1.8 IU/ml, p < 0.05). There was good concordance of results of skin tests and measurements of serum IgE to rPer a 7.

CONCLUSION:

IgE reactivity to rPer a 7 (P. americana tropomyosin) was dominant among patients in Brazil. However, 50% of the patients did not present reactivity to any of the recombinant allergens tested.

PMID:
23549028
DOI:
10.1159/000346318
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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