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Fertil Steril. 2013 Jul;100(1):100-7.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2013.02.056. Epub 2013 Mar 30.

In vitro fertilization with single euploid blastocyst transfer: a randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
Reproductive Medicine Associates of New Jersey, Basking Ridge, New Jersey 07920, USA. eforman@rmanj.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether performing comprehensive chromosome screening (CCS) and transferring a single euploid blastocyst can result in an ongoing pregnancy rate that is equivalent to transferring two untested blastocysts while reducing the risk of multiple gestation.

DESIGN:

Randomized, noninferiority trial.

SETTING:

Academic center for reproductive medicine.

PATIENT(S):

Infertile couples (n = 205) with a female partner less than 43 years old having a serum anti-Müllerian hormone level ≥ 1.2 ng/mL and day 3 FSH <12 IU/L.

INTERVENTION(S):

Randomization occurred when at least two blastocysts were suitable for trophectoderm biopsy. The study group (n = 89) had all viable blastocysts biopsied for real-time, polymerase chain reaction-based CCS and single euploid blastocyst transfer. The control group (n = 86) had their two best-quality, untested blastocysts transferred.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

The ongoing pregnancy rate to ≥ 24 weeks (primary outcome) and the multiple gestation rate.

RESULT(S):

The ongoing pregnancy rate per randomized patient after the first ET was similar between groups (60.7% after single euploid blastocyst transfer vs. 65.1% after untested two-blastocyst transfer; relative risk [RR], 0.9; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.7-1.2). A difference of greater than 20% in favor of two-blastocyst transfer was excluded. The risk of multiple gestation was reduced after single euploid blastocyst transfer (53.4% to 0%), and patients were nearly twice as likely to have an ongoing singleton pregnancy (60.7% vs. 33.7%; RR, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.3-2.5).

CONCLUSION(S):

In women ≤ 42 years old, transferring a single euploid blastocyst results in ongoing pregnancy rates that are the same as transferring two untested blastocysts while dramatically reducing the risk of twins.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01408433.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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