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J Biol Chem. 2013 May 17;288(20):13974-87. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M113.463653. Epub 2013 Apr 2.

Competition between core-2 GlcNAc-transferase and ST6GalNAc-transferase regulates the synthesis of the leukocyte selectin ligand on human P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1.

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Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, The State University of New York, Buffalo, New York 14260, USA.


The binding of selectins to carbohydrate ligands expressed on leukocytes regulates immunity and inflammation. Among the human selectin ligands, the O-linked glycans at the N-terminus of the leukocyte cell-surface molecule P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1, CD162) are important because they bind all selectins (L-, E-, and P-selectin) with high affinity under hydrodynamic shear conditions. Analysis of glycan microheterogeneity at this site is complicated by the presence of 72 additional potential O-linked glycosylation sites on this mucinous protein. To overcome this limitation, truncated forms of PSGL-1, called "PSGL-1 peptide probes," were developed. Ultra-high sensitivity mass spectrometry analysis of glycans released from such probes along with glycoproteomic analysis demonstrate the presence of both the sialyl Lewis-X (sLe(X)) and the di-sialylated T-antigen (NeuAcα2,3Galβ1,3(NeuAcα2,6)GalNAc) at the PSGL-1 N-terminus. Overexpression of glycoprotein-specific ST6GalNAc-transferases (ST6GalNAc1, -2, or -4) in human promyelocytic HL-60 cells altered glycan structures and cell adhesion properties. In particular, ST6GalNAc2 overexpression abrogated cell surface HECA-452/CLA expression, reduced the number of rolling leukocytes on P- and L-selectin-bearing substrates by ~85%, and increased median rolling velocity of remaining cells by 80-150%. Cell rolling on E-selectin was unaltered although the number of adherent cells was reduced by 60%. ST6GalNAc2 partially co-localizes in the Golgi with the core-2 β(1,6)GlcNAc-transferase C2GnT-1. Overall, the data describe the glycan microheterogeneity at the PSGL-1 N-terminus. They suggest that a competition between ST6GalNAc2 and C2GnT-1 for the core-1/Galβ1,3GalNAc glycan may regulate leukocyte adhesion under fluid shear.


Carbohydrate-binding Protein; Cell Adhesion; Glycobiology; Glycoprotein; Glycosyltransferases; Inflammation; Mass Spectrometry (MS); Mucins

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