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Eur Neurol. 2013;69(5):309-16. doi: 10.1159/000346427. Epub 2013 Mar 14.

Effect of magnesium supplementation on carotid intima-media thickness and flow-mediated dilatation among hemodialysis patients: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial.

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Isfahan Kidney Disease Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.



The aim of the present study was to determine the efficacy of oral magnesium (Mg) supplementation on endothelial function through evaluation of carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT), brachial artery flow-mediated dilatation (FMD), and C-reactive protein (CRP) among hemodialysis (HD) patients.


This randomized, controlled, double-blind clinical trial consisted of 54 patients on HD. One group was treated orally with 440 mg of Mg oxide 3 times per week for 6 months (n = 29). The control group (n = 25) was given placebo using the same administration protocol. cIMT, FMD, serum calcium levels, phosphorus, lipid, CRP, and bicarbonate were measured at baseline and at 6 months in both groups.


At 6 months, cIMT was significantly decreased in the Mg group (0.84 ± 0.13 mm at baseline and 0.76 ± 0.13 mm at 6 months, p = 0.001). However, in the placebo group, cIMT was significantly increased (0.73 ± 0.13 and 0.79 ± 0.12 mm, respectively, p = 0.003). When hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking, hyperlipidemia, and systemic lupus erythematosus were controlled for in the analysis, the effect of Mg remained significant in both groups (p = 0.000).


Our results indicate that Mg might not improve endothelial function (CRP level and FMD) and that a decreased cIMT as a marker of atherosclerosis may be due to the inhibition of calcification through the regulation parathormone, calcium, and phosphorus.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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