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World Neurosurg. 2014 Dec;82(6):1127-30. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2013.03.072. Epub 2013 Mar 30.

Aspirin and aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage.

Author information

1
Department of Neurological Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
2
Department of Neurological Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Electronic address: rdu@partners.org.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Recent evidence has suggested a potential beneficial effect of aspirin on the risk of aneurysm rupture. This benefit must be weighed against its potential adverse effects as an antiplatelet agent in the setting of acute aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH).

METHODS:

A total of 747 consecutive patients with cerebral aneurysms were reviewed, comparing demographics, aneurysm features, presenting clinical and radiographic grades, vasospasm, and outcome at 1 year between patients with aneurysmal SAH taking aspirin on presentation and those who were not.

RESULTS:

The rate of hemorrhagic presentation was significantly greater in patients not taking aspirin (40% vs. 28%; P = 0.016). Among 274 patients presenting with aneurysmal SAH, there was no significant difference in presenting clinical (Hunt and Hess) and radiographic (Fisher) grade between patients taking aspirin and those who were not. There was also no significant difference in the rate of subsequent angiographic and delayed cerebral ischemia. Multivariate analysis of outcome at 1 year found only increasing age (odds ratio [OR] 1.07, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.04-1.12), Hunt and Hess grade (OR 3.01, 95% CI 1.81-5.03), and associated hypertension (OR 3.30, 95% CI 1.39-7.81) to be statistically significant risk factors for poor outcome (death or dependence), whereas aspirin use was not associated with poor outcome (OR 1.19, 95% CI 0.35-4.09; P = 0.78).

CONCLUSIONS:

In the present study, patients taking aspirin had a lower rate of hemorrhagic presentation. In addition, taking aspirin did not adversely impact presenting clinical grade or radiographic grade, vasospasm, and outcome in the setting of aneurysmal SAH.

KEYWORDS:

Aneurysm; Antiplatelet; Aspirin; Hemorrhage; Natural history; Outcome; Rupture

PMID:
23548847
DOI:
10.1016/j.wneu.2013.03.072
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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