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Rev Lat Am Enfermagem. 2013 Feb;21(1):450-8.

Atypical mycobacterias associated to acupuncuture: an integrative review.

[Article in English, Portuguese, Spanish]

Author information

1
Hospital Universitário, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. juliana.gnatta@gmail.com

Abstract

AIM:

to evaluate evidence concerning sources or mechanisms of infection transmission of atypical mycobacteria associated with acupuncture, and the species causing infections.

METHOD:

research was performed in December 2011 in the databases of LILACS, MEDLINE, EMBASE, OvidSP and the Cochrane Library, without restrictions regarding publication date, study type or language.

RESULTS:

of the 16 publications, only one identified the contamination source: diluted glutaraldehyde solution used to clean equipment. Three established likely sources: towels, hot packs or boiling tank water, and the reuse of reprocessed needles. Four indicated possible sources: contaminated needles, reuse of personal needles, patient's skin colonized by mycobacteria and reuse of needles at different sites in the same patient. Eight of the studies did not mention the sources.

CONCLUSION:

among 295 cases, M. abscessus was the pathological agent in over 96%. Well-established control practices for infection prevention should be implemented and adapted for complementary and alternative medicine.

PMID:
23546331
DOI:
10.1590/s0104-11692013000100022
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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