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J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr. 2013 Mar-Apr;7(2):94-101. doi: 10.1016/j.jcct.2013.01.010. Epub 2013 Feb 27.

Sex- and age-related differences of myocardial perfusion at rest assessed with multidetector computed tomography.

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1
Department of Cardiology, The Heart Center, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, 2141, Blegdamsvej 9, 2100-Cph, Denmark. hsz199@alumni.ku.dk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The clinical presentation of ischemic heart disease in women differs from men, which could reflect sex-related differences of normal physiology. Cardiac CT angiography provides a noninvasive method to assess both regional and transmural myocardial perfusion in addition to coronary atherosclerosis.

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to evaluate potential sex-related differences of (1) left ventricular (LV) myocardial perfusion measured as LV myocardial attenuation density/LV blood pool attenuation density (MyoAD-ratio) at rest and (2) transmural perfusion ratio (TPR) as a measure of endocardial perfusion relative to epicardial perfusion.

METHODS:

Myocardial perfusion at rest and coronary artery atherosclerosis were evaluated with multidetector CT in 206 asymptomatic women and 203 age-matched men from the Copenhagen General Population Study.

RESULTS:

LV myocardial perfusion at rest (LV MyoAD-ratio) was higher in women than in men (9% difference; P = 0.039). In a multivariable analysis, including age, sex, cardiovascular risk factors, Agatston score, and presence of coronary stenosis, global LV MyoAD-ratio remained significantly higher in women than in men (P = 0.045). No effect of cardiovascular risk factors on myocardial perfusion at rest was noted. Myocardial perfusion at rest was correlated to age in men (r = 0.15, P = 0.031) but not in women (r = -0.01, P = 0.83). TPR was slightly lower in women than in men (1.12 vs 1.14; P = 0.0019).

CONCLUSION:

LV myocardial perfusion at rest is higher in women than men independent of coronary atherosclerosis in asymptomatic subjects with risk factors.

PMID:
23545344
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcct.2013.01.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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