Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biochim Biophys Acta. 2013 Aug;1830(8):4046-52. doi: 10.1016/j.bbagen.2013.03.024. Epub 2013 Mar 29.

Evasion from accelerated blood clearance of nanocarrier named as "Lactosome" induced by excessive administration of Lactosome.

Author information

Department of Experimental Therapeutics, Kyoto University Hospital, Kyoto, Japan.



Nanoparticle of Lactosome, which is composed of poly(l-lactic acid)-base depsipeptide with diameter of 35nm, accumulates in solid tumors by the enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect. However, a pharmacokinetic alteration of Lactosome was observed when Lactosome was repeatedly administered. This phenomenon is named as the Lactosome accelerated blood clearance (ABC) phenomenon. In this study, the effect of Lactosome dose on the ABC phenomenon was examined and discussed in terms of immune tolerance.


To tumor transplanted mice, Lactosome (0-350mg/kg) was administrated. At 7days after the first administration, indocyanine green (ICG)-labeled Lactosome (ICG-Lactosome, 0-350mg/kg) was injected. Near-infrared fluorescence imaging was performed, and biodistribution of ICG-Lactosome was evaluated. Further, the produced amounts of anti-Lactosome IgM were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).


ICG-Lactosome accumulated in the tumor region when the first Lactosome dose exceeded over 150mg/kg. The amounts of anti-Lactosome IgM were inversely correlated with the first Lactosome doses. Even after establishment of the Lactosome ABC phenomenon with the first Lactosome dose as low as 5.0mg/kg, the Lactosome ABC phenomenon can be evaded apparently by dosing ICG-Lactosome over 50mg/kg regardless of anti-Lactosome IgM production.


There are two different mechanisms for evasion from the Lactosome ABC phenomenon before and after its establishment. In either mechanism, however, the Lactosome ABC phenomenon can be evaded by excessive administration of Lactosome.


Lactosome is a potential nanocarrier for drug and/or imaging agent delivery, which can be used for frequent administrations without significant pharmacokinetic alterations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center