Send to

Choose Destination
Cell Calcium. 1990 Feb-Mar;11(2-3):121-30.

Real-time confocal microscopy and calcium measurements in heart muscle cells: towards the development of a fluorescence microscope with high temporal and spatial resolution.

Author information

Department of Physiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore.


Preliminary experiments and characterization of a modified confocal fluorescence microscope have been carried out and are presented in this article. We have made use of commercially available hardware and software (having modified and extended the system) and are continuing the process of making modifications to this system to enable us to carry out investigations in living and mobile cells. We report on identified problems in measuring intracellular calcium in myocardial cells, important lessons that have been learned and new findings regarding myocardial cells. Specifically, we have found that myocardial cellular organelles (e.g. nuclei and mitochondria) are sharply defined unlike images obtained with standard epifluorescence microscopes using intracellular indicators. Furthermore, we show that the organelles can accumulate or largely exclude certain indicators relative to the concentration in the cytosol. Additionally, we have examined the use of the new calcium indicator fluo-3 in contracting heart cells and have more clearly defined certain limitations in its use in this preparation. We are working on modifications of the present equipment to enable the system to work with an ultraviolet laser as a light source. The confocal microscope offers the prospect of extraordinarily good spatial and temporal resolution under specific conditions in heart cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center