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Nano Lett. 2013 May 8;13(5):2141-5. doi: 10.1021/nl400579g. Epub 2013 Apr 8.

Engineering the thermopower of C60 molecular junctions.

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Departamento de Física de la Materia Condensada, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.


We report the measurement of conductance and thermopower of C60 molecular junctions using a scanning tunneling microscope (STM). In contrast to previous measurements, we use the imaging capability of the STM to determine precisely the number of molecules in the junction and measure thermopower and conductance continuously and simultaneously during formation and breaking of the molecular junction, achieving a complete characterization at the single-molecule level. We find that the thermopower of C60 dimers formed by trapping a C60 on the tip and contacting an isolated C60 almost doubles with respect to that of a single C60 and is among the highest values measured to date for organic materials. Density functional theory calculations show that the thermopower and the figure of merit continue increasing with the number of C60 molecules, demonstrating the enhancement of thermoelectric preformance by manipulation of intermolecular interactions.

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