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Semergen. 2012 Jul-Aug;38(5):265-77. doi: 10.1016/j.semerg.2011.10.018. Epub 2011 Dec 20.

[CASERIA program (Healthy Habits in Primary School Questionnaire). Responses of 6 to 10 year-old children].

[Article in Spanish]

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  • 1Medicina de Familia y Comunitaria, Centro de Salud Casería de Montijo, Granada, España.


In schoolchildren examinations, carried out periodically, we detect a continuous increase in obesity and sedentarism in our schoolchildren. In this study we attempt to compare, with objective data, the real situation of the childhood population in our area, as regards their eating habits, physical activity and hygiene.


Questionnaires on eating habits, preferences as regards diet, doing exercise, and dental hygiene, were handed out to 430 schoolchildren between 6 and 10 years-old. A total of 366 were valid for the study.


The majority (85.8%) of those surveyed lived within a "traditional" family; 22% had family members who were overweight; 96.7% had breakfast before going to school, with milk products being the most consumed; the cake and pastry industry was well used, both at breakfast (7.4%) and at playtime (16.9%). The favourite food was pasta in 29.8% of cases, followed by potatoes, particularly fried (10.4%). The least liked foods were vegetables (26.2%) and fish (8.2%). Television was watched for more than 2 hours by 70%; 34% exceeded 2 hours or more per day playing with video consoles or similar. On the other hand, homework and studying took up more than 2 hours daily for 50% of pupils. A majority (55%) of those surveyed ate sweets 2 or more time a day, and to eat and watch television at the same time was an almost constant habit in more than 60%. Of the participants in the study, 9.29% never brushed their teeth.


The theoretical knowledge of what should be a correct diet seems adequate, but its putting into practice is not. The population studies had fairly sedentary habits, with little fruit and they did not like pulses or vegetables or fish. All these factors decrease the cardiovascular protection associated with its practice and consumption. We have shown that they are already present since childhood in our population, which without a doubt will have repercussions in their future health status and well-being, if it is not changed.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier España, S.L. y SEMERGEN. All rights reserved.

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