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Biochemistry. 1990 Apr 24;29(16):3888-92.

Thermodynamic parameters of the binding of retinol to binding proteins and to membranes.

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Department of Medicine, Cornell University Medical College, New York, New York 10021.


Retinol (vitamin A alcohol) is a hydrophobic compound and distributes in vivo mainly between binding proteins and cellular membranes. To better clarify the nature of the interactions of retinol with these phases which have a high affinity for it, the thermodynamic parameters of these interactions were studied. The temperature-dependence profiles of the binding of retinol to bovine retinol binding protein, bovine serum albumin, unilamellar vesicles of dioleoylphosphatidylcholine, and plasma membranes from rat liver were determined. It was found that binding of retinol to retinol binding protein is characterized by a large increase in entropy (T delta S degrees = +10.32 kcal/mol) and no change in enthalpy. Binding to albumin is driven by enthalpy (delta H degrees = -8.34 kcal/mol) and is accompanied by a decrease in entropy (T delta S degrees = -2.88 kcal/mol). Partitioning of retinal into unilamellar vesicles and into plasma membranes is stabilized both by enthalpic (delta H degrees was -3.3 and -5.5 kcal/mol, respectively) and by entropic (T delta S degrees was +4.44 and +2.91 kcal/mol, respectively) components. The implications of these finding are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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