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Biochemistry. 1990 Apr 24;29(16):3872-8.

Phosphopeptide mapping of Avena phytochrome phosphorylated by protein kinases in vitro.

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Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, Davis 95616.


We previously demonstrated that protein kinases are useful probes of conformational changes that occur upon photoconversion of phytochrome [Wong, Y.-S., Cheng, H.-C., Walsh, D. A., & Lagarias, J. C. (1986) J. Biol. Chem. 261, 12089-12097]. Here we present phosphopeptide analyses of oat phytochrome phosphorylated by three mammalian protein kinases and by a polycation-stimulated, phytochrome-associated protein kinase. Phosphorylation of the Pr form by the cAMP-dependent protein kinase occurs predominantly on Ser17 while Ser598 is the preferred phosphorylation site on Pfr. The cGMP-dependent and Ca2(+)-activated, phospholipid-dependent protein kinases, which phosphorylate only the Pr form of phytochrome, recognize the same region on the phytochrome polypeptide as the cAMP-dependent protein kinase. Polycation-stimulated phytochrome phosphorylation reveals that, in contrast to the mammalian enzymes, the plant kinase recognizes the serine-rich, blocked N-terminus of phytochrome. The potential regulatory role of phytochrome phosphorylation, particularly in the structurally conserved serine/threonine-rich N-terminal region of the phytochrome polypeptide, is suggested by these results.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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