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Med Image Anal. 2013 May;17(4):442-57. doi: 10.1016/j.media.2013.01.006. Epub 2013 Feb 17.

Structure-adaptive sparse denoising for diffusion-tensor MRI.

Author information

1
HIT-INSA Sino French Research Centre for Biomedical Imaging, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150006, China. baolijun@xmu.edu.cn

Abstract

Diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (DT-MRI) is becoming a prospective imaging technique in clinical applications because of its potential for in vivo and non-invasive characterization of tissue organization. However, the acquisition of diffusion-weighted images (DWIs) is often corrupted by noise and artifacts, and the intensity of diffusion-weighted signals is weaker than that of classical magnetic resonance signals. In this paper, we propose a new denoising method for DT-MRI, called structure-adaptive sparse denoising (SASD), which exploits self-similarity in DWIs. We define a similarity measure based on the local mean and on a modified structure-similarity index to find sets of similar patches that are arranged into three-dimensional arrays, and we propose a simple and efficient structure-adaptive window pursuit method to achieve sparse representation of these arrays. The noise component of the resulting structure-adaptive arrays is attenuated by Wiener shrinkage in a transform domain defined by two-dimensional principal component decomposition and Haar transformation. Experiments on both synthetic and real cardiac DT-MRI data show that the proposed SASD algorithm outperforms state-of-the-art methods for denoising images with structural redundancy. Moreover, SASD achieves a good trade-off between image contrast and image smoothness, and our experiments on synthetic data demonstrate that it produces more accurate tensor fields from which biologically relevant metrics can then be computed.

PMID:
23541286
DOI:
10.1016/j.media.2013.01.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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