Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2013 Jun;98(6):2553-61. doi: 10.1210/jc.2012-4288. Epub 2013 Mar 28.

CD26/DPP4 levels in peripheral blood and T cells in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Author information

Department of Internal Medicine, Jeju National University School of Medicine, Jeju, Republic of Korea 690-756.



Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (CD26/DPP4) is expressed on blood T cells and also circulates in a soluble form (sCD26/DPP4).


We aimed to evaluate blood T cell and circulating CD26/DPP4 and its association with metabolic parameters in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).


We measured CD26/DPP4 expression (percentage of CD26(+) cells using flow cytometry) on CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells, serum CD26/DPP4 level and activity, and various metabolic parameters in T2DM patients not on DPP4 inhibitor therapy (n = 148). Nondiabetic subjects (n = 50) were included as a control group.


Compared with the healthy controls, CD26/DPP4 expression on CD4(+) T cells and CD8(+) T cells was higher in T2DM patients. Serum CD26/DPP4 levels and enzymatic activities were also higher in patients with T2DM than in the control group only when metformin and/or thiazolidinedione-treated T2DM patients were excluded; metformin and/or thiazolidinedione-treated T2DM patients had lower values compared with other T2DM patients. Various parameters in T2DM patients were related to CD26/DPP4 expression on the T cells (hemoglobin A1c), serum sCD26/DPP4 (hemoglobin A1c and insulin resistance assessed by updated homeostasis model assessment), and serum CD26/DPP4 activity (insulin resistance assessed by updated homeostasis model assessment, γ-glutamyl transferase, and alanine aminotransferase) by multivariate analyses. After active glucose control for 12 weeks in drug-naive T2DM patients (n = 50), CD26/DPP4 expression on blood T cells was significantly decreased.


Our results suggest that the CD26/DPP4 level on blood T cells was associated with glucose control status in patients with T2DM.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
    Loading ...
    Support Center