Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
World J Gastroenterol. 2013 Mar 7;19(9):1416-23. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v19.i9.1416.

Corticotropin-releasing factor receptor subtype 2 in human colonic mucosa: down-regulation in ulcerative colitis.

Author information

1
Neurocrine Biosciences Inc., San Diego, CA 92121, USA. achatzak@med.duth.gr

Abstract

AIM:

To assess corticotropin-releasing factor receptor 2 (CRF2) expression in the colon of healthy subjects and patients with ulcerative colitis (UC).

METHODS:

We examined CRF2 gene and protein expression in the distal/sigmoid colonic mucosal biopsies from healthy subjects and patients with UC (active or disease in remission), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and functional bowel disease (FBD) by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and immunofluorescence.

RESULTS:

Gene expression of CRF2 was demonstrated in the normal human colonic biopsies, but not in the human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line Caco2. Receptor protein localization showed immunoreactive CRF2 receptors in the lamina propria and in the epithelial cells of the distal/sigmoid biopsy samples. Interestingly, CRF2 immunoreactivity was no longer observed in epithelial cells of patients with mild-moderately active UC and disease in remission, while receptor protein expression did not change in the lamina propria. No differences in CRF2 expression profile were observed in distal/sigmoid intestinal biopsies from HIV infection and FBD patients, showing no signs of inflammation.

CONCLUSION:

The down-regulation of the CRF2 receptor in the distal/sigmoid biopsies of UC patients is indicative of change in CRF2 signalling associated with the process of inflammation.

KEYWORDS:

Colonic mucosa; Corticotropin-releasing factor; Corticotropin-releasing factor receptor; Human immunodeficiency virus; Ulcerative colitis; Urocortin

PMID:
23539366
PMCID:
PMC3602501
DOI:
10.3748/wjg.v19.i9.1416
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center