Send to

Choose Destination
Psychiatr Clin North Am. 2013 Mar;36(1):121-40. doi: 10.1016/j.psc.2013.01.001.

Breathing practices for treatment of psychiatric and stress-related medical conditions.

Author information

Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, 86 Sherry Lane, New York, NY 12401, USA.


Neurophysiological studies may explain how breathing techniques normalize stress response, emotion regulation, and autonomic and neuroendocrine system function. Breath practices have been shown to reduce symptoms of stress, anxiety, insomnia, post-traumatic stress disorder, mass disasters, depression, and attention deficit disorder. Technology-assisted breathing interventions facilitate therapeutic breathing by using either static cues such as a breath pacer or real-time feedback based on physiological parameters such as heart rate variability. The empirical literature indicates that technology-assisted breathing can be beneficial in mental health treatment, though it may not be appropriate for all individuals. Initial in-person training and evaluation can improve results.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center