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Am Heart J. 2013 Apr;165(4):600-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2012.12.017. Epub 2013 Feb 14.

Use of the contrast volume or grams of iodine-to-creatinine clearance ratio to predict mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention.

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Department of Cardiology, Guangdong Cardiovascular Institute, Guangdong General Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, China.



Few studies have assessed the predictive value of the ratio of the contrast media volume or grams of iodine to the creatinine clearance (V/CrCl or g-I/CrCl, respectively) for the risk of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) and mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).


The association between V/CrCl and mortality was prospectively evaluated in 1,135 consecutive patients undergoing PCI. Cox regression models were used to adjust for the V/CrCl ratio and other confounding factors for risk of death within 1 year.


Fifty-five patients (4.84%) developed CIN. The 1-year mortality was higher in patients with a V/CrCl ratio >2.62 (g-I/CrCl >0.97) than in others (4.44% vs 0.40%; P < .001). After adjusting for other risk factors, the 1-year mortality risk remained associated with increased V/CrCl ratio. The risk of death was significant for V/CrCl >2.62 (adjusted risk ratio [RR] for death 2.605, 95% CI 1.040-6.529, P = .041), V/CrCl >3.0 (g-I/CrCl >1.11) (adjusted RR 4.338, 95% CI 1.689-11.142, P = .002), and V/CrCl >3.7 (g-I/CrCl >1.37) (adjusted RR 2.557, 95% CI 1.162-5.627, P = .002).


The data further support the prognostic significance of calculating the V/CrCl ratio to predict the relative maximum contrast volume during PCI. Use of a contrast dose determined based on the estimated renal function with a planned V/CrCl ratio <3.7 (g-I/CrCl <1.37) and preferably <2.62 (g-I/CrCl <0.97) might be valuable in reducing the risks of CIN and even death after PCI.

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