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Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2013 May;41(5):463-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2013.01.020. Epub 2013 Mar 26.

All-cause mortality imbalance in the tigecycline phase 3 and 4 clinical trials.

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Pfizer Inc, Collegeville, PA 19426, USA.


In 12 of 13 phase 3 and 4 comparative clinical trials, all-cause mortality was higher in the tigecycline group versus the comparator group. Study-level mortality risk differences were pooled using a random-effects meta-analysis. Statistical models evaluated the association between patient-level all-cause mortality and baseline factors using logistic regression, recursive partitioning [classification and regression tree (CART) analysis] and survival techniques. The estimated risk difference (tigecycline minus comparator) in all-cause mortality from the meta-analysis was 0.6% (95% confidence interval 0.1-1.2%). Statistical modelling identified baseline bacteraemia associated with mortality only in the tigecycline group. In patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and baseline bacteraemia, mortality was 50.0% (9/18) for tigecycline versus 7.7% (1/13) for the comparator group. Study-level and patient-level analyses have identified that patients in the hospital-acquired pneumonia trial, particularly those with VAP with baseline bacteraemia, were at a higher risk of clinical failure and mortality.

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