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Microscopy (Oxf). 2013 Jun;62 Suppl 1:S29-41. doi: 10.1093/jmicro/dft006. Epub 2013 Mar 26.

Development of advanced electron holographic techniques and application to industrial materials and devices.

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  • 1Nanostructures Research Laboratory, Japan Fine Ceramics Center, 2-4-1 Mutsuno, Atsuta-ku, Nagoya 456-8587, Japan.


The development of a transmission electron microscope equipped with a field emission gun paved the way for electron holography to be put to practical use in various fields. In this paper, we review three advanced electron holography techniques: on-line real-time electron holography, three-dimensional (3D) tomographic holography and phase-shifting electron holography, which are becoming important techniques for materials science and device engineering. We also describe some applications of electron holography to the analysis of industrial materials and devices: GaAs compound semiconductors, solid oxide fuel cells and all-solid-state lithium ion batteries.


3D tomographic holography; dopant profiling; lithium ion battery; phase-shifting electron holography; real-time electron holography; solid oxide fuel cell

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