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Curr Microbiol. 2013 Aug;67(2):255-61. doi: 10.1007/s00284-013-0359-9. Epub 2013 Mar 28.

Biocontrol of postharvest Rhizopus decay of peaches with Pichia caribbica.

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1
Institute of Life Sciences, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, 212013, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China. dzxy_xubaitian@163.com

Abstract

A new yeast antagonist, Pichia caribbica, isolated in our laboratory from the soil collected from unsprayed orchards, was evaluated for its biocontrol capability against Rhizopus stolonifer on peaches and the possible mechanisms involved. The decay incidence and lesion diameter of Rhizopus decay of peaches treated by P. caribbica were significantly reduced compared with the control fruits, and the higher the concentration of P. caribbica, the better the efficacy of the biocontrol. Rapid colonization of the yeast in peach wounds stored at 25 °C was observed. In peaches, the activities of peroxidase (POD), catalase (CAT), and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) were significantly induced by P. caribbica treatment compared to those of the control fruits. All these results indicated that P. caribbica has a great potential for the development of commercial formulations to control postharvest Rhizopus decay of peaches. Its modes of action were based on competition for space and nutrients with pathogens, inducement of activities of defense-related enzymes such as POD, CAT, and PAL of peaches.

PMID:
23536217
DOI:
10.1007/s00284-013-0359-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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