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Circ J. 2013;77(6):1445-52. Epub 2013 Mar 26.

Vaporizing thrombus with excimer laser before coronary stenting improves myocardial reperfusion in acute coronary syndrome.

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1
Department of Cardiology, Higashi Takarazuka Satoh Hospital, Takarazuka, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

 Mechanical reperfusion has proven to be an unquestionably superior treatment strategy over that of thrombolytic therapy in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Excimer laser coronary angioplasty (ELCA) is a unique revascularization device that has a lytic effect on thrombus, in addition to its debulking effect on the atherosclerotic plaque beneath the thrombus.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

 This single-center retrospective analysis consisted of consecutive ACS patients treated with ELCA (n=50) and age- and sex-matched ACS patients treated with manual aspiration (n=48) without use of a distal protection device. Success rate was judged by lesion crossability, procedure complications, and significant reduction of stenosis. Tissue-level perfusion was assessed on antegrade Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow grade, myocardial blush grade (MBG), and ST-segment elevation resolution (STR). Short-term outcome was evaluated according to occurrence of in-hospital major adverse cardiac events (MACE; myocardial infarction, target lesion revascularization, coronary artery bypass graft, and death). Lesion crossability was higher in the ELCA group than in the aspiration group (96.2% vs. 82.6%, P=0.04). Attainment of TIMI 3 flow (86.0% vs. 68.8%, P=0.04) and MBG 3 (76.0% vs. 54.2%, P=0.02) was also higher in the ELCA group than in the aspiration group. Complete STR was similar between the 2 groups. In-hospital MACE were significantly more frequent in the aspiration group.

CONCLUSIONS:

 ELCA is feasible, safe, and effective for the treatment of patients with ACS and appears to be useful as an adjunctive lesion preparation device. 

PMID:
23535196
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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