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ScientificWorldJournal. 2013;2013:678156. doi: 10.1155/2013/678156. Epub 2013 Feb 19.

Genome-wide analysis of DNA methylation in human amnion.

Author information

1
Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Iowa, 500 Newton Road, 2182 ML, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA.

Abstract

The amnion is a specialized tissue in contact with the amniotic fluid, which is in a constantly changing state. To investigate the importance of epigenetic events in this tissue in the physiology and pathophysiology of pregnancy, we performed genome-wide DNA methylation profiling of human amnion from term (with and without labor) and preterm deliveries. Using the Illumina Infinium HumanMethylation27 BeadChip, we identified genes exhibiting differential methylation associated with normal labor and preterm birth. Functional analysis of the differentially methylated genes revealed biologically relevant enriched gene sets. Bisulfite sequencing analysis of the promoter region of the oxytocin receptor (OXTR) gene detected two CpG dinucleotides showing significant methylation differences among the three groups of samples. Hypermethylation of the CpG island of the solute carrier family 30 member 3 (SLC30A3) gene in preterm amnion was confirmed by methylation-specific PCR. This work provides preliminary evidence that DNA methylation changes in the amnion may be at least partially involved in the physiological process of labor and the etiology of preterm birth and suggests that DNA methylation profiles, in combination with other biological data, may provide valuable insight into the mechanisms underlying normal and pathological pregnancies.

PMID:
23533356
PMCID:
PMC3590748
DOI:
10.1155/2013/678156
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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