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J Hum Reprod Sci. 2012 Sep;5(3):248-51. doi: 10.4103/0974-1208.106335.

Progesterone supplementation in women with otherwise unexplained recurrent miscarriages.

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1
St. Michael's Hospital, University Hospitals Bristol NHS Trust, University of Bristol, United Kingdom ; Bristol Centre for Reproductive Medicine, University of Bristol, United Kingdom.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Recurrent miscarriages, the loss of three or more consecutive intrauterine pregnancies before 20 weeks of gestation with the same partner, affect 1%-1.5% of the pregnant population. The inadequate secretion of progesterone in early pregnancy has been proposed as a cause of recurrent miscarriages.

AIMS:

The aim was to investigate the efficacy of progesterone supplementation in patients with unexplained recurrent miscarriages.

SETTINGS AND DESIGN:

This was a 9-year cohort study of women with otherwise unexplained recurrent miscarriages who attended a recurrent miscarriage clinic in a tertiary care university hospital.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

Women with at least three unexplained recurrent miscarriages were included in the study. They were divided into three groups according to their initial and 48-h repeat progesterone levels. For women with inadequate endogenous progesterone secretion, natural progesterone vaginal pessaries 400 mg 12-hourly were offered until 12 weeks gestation.

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS:

Proportions and 95% confidence intervals calculated for categorical variables and the chi-square test were used to show statistical significance. Medians and ranges were calculated for noncontinuous variables.

RESULTS:

Pregnancy cycles (n = 203) were analyzed to examine the miscarriage rate following progesterone supplementation. Overall live birth and miscarriage rates were 63% and 36%, respectively. When analyzed by the number of previous miscarriages there was a reduction in the miscarriage rate following progesterone supplementation in women with 4 previous miscarriages when compared with historical data.

CONCLUSIONS:

Progesterone supplementation may have beneficial effects in women with otherwise unexplained recurrent miscarriages.

KEYWORDS:

Live birth rate; miscarriage rate; progesterone vaginal pessaries; recurrent miscarriage

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