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Compend Contin Educ Vet. 2013 Jan;35(1):E1.

New alternatives for minimally invasive management of uroliths: lower urinary tract uroliths.

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  • 1University of Guelph.


In small animals, removal is indicated for lower urinary tract calculi that are not amenable to medical dissolution and are causing, or may cause, urinary tract obstruction, inflammation, or recurrent infection. Surgical removal of lower urinary tract uroliths by cystotomy or urethrotomy has been the traditional method. The current standard of care for human urinary tract stones involves the use of lithotripsy and is minimally invasive. This article reviews the current literature on the various minimally invasive options available for managing lower urinary tract stones in small animal veterinary patients. Options for managing nephroliths and ureteroliths will be presented in forthcoming companion articles.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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