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Br J Haematol. 2013 May;161(4):587-93. doi: 10.1111/bjh.12304. Epub 2013 Mar 27.

A randomized phase I/II trial of HQK-1001, an oral fetal globin gene inducer, in β-thalassaemia intermedia and HbE/β-thalassaemia.

Author information

1
Thalassemia Research Centre, Mahidol University, Nakhonpathon, Thailand.

Abstract

β-thalassaemia intermedia (BTI) syndromes cause haemolytic anaemia, ineffective erythropoiesis, and widespread complications. Higher fetal globin expression within genotypes reduces globin imbalance and ameliorates anaemia. Sodium 2,2 dimethylbutyrate (HQK-1001), an orally bioavailable short-chain fatty acid derivative, induces γ-globin expression experimentally and is well-tolerated in normal subjects. Accordingly, a randomized, blinded, placebo-controlled, Phase I/II trial was performed in 21 adult BTI patients (14 with HbE/β(0) thalassaemia and seven with β(+)/β(0) thalassaemia intermedia, to determine effective doses for fetal globin induction, safety, and tolerability. HQK-1001 or placebo were administered once daily for 8 weeks at four dose levels (10, 20, 30, or 40 mg/kg per day), and subjects were monitored for laboratory and clinical events. Pharmacokinetic profiles demonstrated a t(1/2) of 10-12 h. Adverse events with HQK-1001 treatment were not significantly different from placebo treatment. The 20 mg/kg treatment doses increased median HbF above baseline levels by 6·6% and 4·4 g/l (P < 0·01) in 8/9 subjects; total haemoglobin (Hb) increased by a mean of 11 g/l in 4/9 subjects. These findings identified a safe oral therapeutic which induces fetal globin in BTI. Further investigation of HQK-1001 with longer dosing to definitively evaluate its haematological potential appears warranted.

PMID:
23530969
PMCID:
PMC3970579
DOI:
10.1111/bjh.12304
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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