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Aust Fam Physician. 2013 Jan-Feb;42(1-2):38-42.

Anaphylaxis - identification, management and prevention.

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1
Office of the Chief Health Officer, Department of Health, Melbourne, Victoria.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This article summarises current knowledge regarding the identification, management and prevention of anaphylaxis, highlighting risk minimisation strategies relevant to general practitioners.

DISCUSSION:

The most common causes of anaphylaxis are medication, food and insect venom. Medications are the most common cause of anaphylaxis in older adults, particularly antibiotics, anaesthetic drugs, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and opiates. Food allergy is the most common cause of anaphylaxis in children, but rarely results in death. Anaphylaxis is a medical emergency requiring immediate treatment with adrenaline, as well as ongoing management. Important steps for long-term risk minimisation include avoidance of triggers, prescription of an adrenaline autoinjector, maintenance of a personalised emergency action plan for anaphylaxis, education for patients and families and regular review to optimise management.

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PMID:
23529459
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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