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J Public Health Manag Pract. 2013 May-Jun;19(3 Suppl 1):S23-33. doi: 10.1097/PHH.0b013e3182841709.

Policy, systems, and environmental approaches for obesity prevention: a framework to inform local and state action.

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1
Division of Health Management and Policy, Institute of Public Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30302, USA. rlyn1@gsu.edu

Abstract

The public health literature has not fully explored the complexities of the policy process as they relate to public health practice and obesity prevention. We conducted a review of the literature across the policy science and public health fields, distilled key theories of policy making, and developed a framework to inform policy, systems, and environmental change efforts on obesity prevention. Beginning with a conceptual description, we focus on understanding three domains of the policy process: the problem domain, the policy domain, and the political domain. We identify key activities in the policy process including the following: (a) assessing the social and political environment; (b) engaging, educating and collaborating with key individuals and groups; (c) identifying and framing the problem; (d) utilizing available evidence; (e) identifying policy solutions; and (f) building public support and political will. The article provides policy change resources and case studies to guide and support local and state efforts around obesity prevention.

PMID:
23529052
PMCID:
PMC4943076
DOI:
10.1097/PHH.0b013e3182841709
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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