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Korean J Urol. 2013 Mar;54(3):149-56. doi: 10.4111/kju.2013.54.3.149. Epub 2013 Mar 15.

Sexually transmitted infections and sexual function in relation to male fertility.

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1
Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, St Mary's Hospital, London, UK.

Abstract

Infertility affects about 8% to 12% of couples, with male infertility being responsible for about 30% of cases. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are known to cause complications of pregnancy and are associated with tubal infertility in females, but the association with male fertility is still controversial. The prevalence of curable STIs has risen to an estimated 448 million a year with the number of people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) at 34 million. This review looks at the evidence available to date, regarding the effect of STIs and male accessory gland infections on markers of male fertility and the evidence that STIs negatively affect sexual functioning, thus adversely affecting the ability to conceive. The review will also cover new developments in the use of medications and fertility treatments as an aid to conception in couples serodiscordant for HIV.

KEYWORDS:

Fertility; Male accessory gland infections; Men; Sexual function; Sexually transmitted infections

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