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Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2013 Apr;14(4):211-24. doi: 10.1038/nrm3545.

Emerging roles for chromatin as a signal integration and storage platform.

Author information

1
Harvard Medical School, Boston Children's Hospital, Division of Newborn Medicine, 61 Binney Street, Enders 908, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. Aimee.Badeaux@childrens.harvard.edu

Abstract

Cells of a multicellular organism, all containing nearly identical genetic information, respond to differentiation cues in variable ways. In addition, cells are plastic, able to execute their specialized function while maintaining the ability to adapt to environmental changes. This is achieved through multiple mechanisms, including the direct regulation of chromatin-based processes in response to stimuli. How signal transduction pathways directly communicate with chromatin to change the epigenetic landscape is poorly understood. The preponderance of covalent modifications on histone tails coupled with a relatively small number of functional outputs raises the possibility that chromatin acts as a site of signal integration and storage.

PMID:
23524488
PMCID:
PMC4082330
DOI:
10.1038/nrm3545
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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