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Dev Biol. 2013 Jul 1;379(1):38-52. doi: 10.1016/j.ydbio.2013.03.010. Epub 2013 Mar 21.

Wntless is required for peripheral lung differentiation and pulmonary vascular development.

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1
The Perinatal Institute Division of Neonatology, Perinatal and Pulmonary Biology, Cincinnati Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center Research Foundation, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA.

Abstract

Wntless (Wls), a gene highly conserved across the animal kingdom, encodes for a transmembrane protein that mediates Wnt ligand secretion. Wls is expressed in developing lung, wherein Wnt signaling is necessary for pulmonary morphogenesis. We hypothesize that Wls plays a critical role in modulating Wnt signaling during lung development and therefore affects processes critical for pulmonary morphogenesis. We generated conditional Wls mutant mice utilizing Shh-Cre and Dermo1-Cre mice to delete Wls in the embryonic respiratory epithelium and mesenchyme, respectively. Epithelial deletion of Wls disrupted lung branching morphogenesis, peripheral lung development and pulmonary endothelial differentiation. Epithelial Wls mutant mice died at birth due to respiratory failure caused by lung hypoplasia and pulmonary hemorrhage. In the lungs of these mice, VEGF and Tie2-angiopoietin signaling pathways, which mediate vascular development, were downregulated from early stages of development. In contrast, deletion of Wls in mesenchymal cells of the developing lung did not alter branching morphogenesis or early mesenchymal differentiation. In vitro assays support the concept that Wls acts in part via Wnt5a to regulate pulmonary vascular development. We conclude that epithelial Wls modulates Wnt ligand activities critical for pulmonary vascular differentiation and peripheral lung morphogenesis. These studies provide a new framework for understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying normal pulmonary vasculature formation and the dysmorphic pulmonary vasculature development associated with congenital lung disease.

PMID:
23523683
PMCID:
PMC3699333
DOI:
10.1016/j.ydbio.2013.03.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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