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Radiologia. 2014 Jul-Aug;56(4):313-21. doi: 10.1016/j.rx.2012.12.003. Epub 2013 Mar 22.

[Fetal magnetic resonance imaging evaluation of congenital diaphragmatic hernia].

[Article in Spanish]

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Departamento de Radiología, Hospital Clínic, Barcelona, España. Electronic address:
Departamento de Medicina Fetal, Hospital Clínic, Barcelona, España.
Departamento de Radiología, Hospital Clínic, Barcelona, España.


A diaphragmatic hernia is defined as the protrusion of abdominal viscera into the thoracic cavity through a normal or pathological orifice. The herniated viscera compress the lungs, resulting in pulmonary hypoplasia and secondary pulmonary hypertension, which are the leading causes of neonatal death in patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is diagnosed by sonography in routine prenatal screening. Although magnetic resonance imaging is fundamentally used to determine whether the liver is located within the abdomen or has herniated into the thorax, it also can provide useful information about other herniated structures and the degree of pulmonary hypoplasia. The aim of this article is to review the fetal magnetic resonance findings for congenital diaphragmatic hernia and the signs that enable us to establish the neonatal prognosis when evaluating pulmonary hypoplasia.


Congenital diaphragmatic hernia; Diagnóstico prenatal; Doppler sonography; Ecografía Doppler; Feto; Fetus; Hernia diafragmática congénita; Imagen por resonancia magnética; Magnetic resonance imaging; Prenatal diagnosis

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