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J Clin Nurs. 2013 Dec;22(23-24):3300-9. doi: 10.1111/jocn.12051. Epub 2013 Mar 25.

An exploration of human papillomavirus-related cervical cancer prevention experiences among college women: a descriptive qualitative approach.

Author information

1
College of Nursing, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Department of Nursing, Shu-Zen College of Medicine and Management, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Abstract

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES:

To enhance understanding of young women's experiences of human papillomavirus-related cervical cancer prevention in Taiwan.

BACKGROUND:

High-risk types of human papillomavirus are a key aetiologic factor behind cervical cancer. Recently, human papillomavirus vaccination is considered an effective approach to prevent vaccine-specific typed human papillomavirus-related cervical cancer in women. However, several controversial issues still arise about routine administration of human papillomavirus vaccines, and the literature on young women's protection against human papillomavirus-related cervical cancer is limited.

DESIGN:

A descriptive qualitative design categorised responses into themes.

METHODS:

Sixteen sexually active college women (aged 20-22 years) were recruited via purposive and snow-ball sampling in Southern Taiwan. Every participant underwent an in-depth interview which was audio-recorded and fully transcribed. Analysis of the interview material was inductive and followed a thematic analysis approach. Procedures to confirm confidentiality, credibility and consistency were considered.

RESULTS:

This article provides an insight into the college women's experiences in the obstacles to and striving towards breakthroughs of human papillomavirus-related cervical cancer prevention. The obstacles include inadequate health literacy, financial difficulty, negative medical experiences and gender myths. The striving towards breakthroughs consists in self-protection and knowledge support.

CONCLUSION:

College women experience difficulties with human papillomavirus-related cervical cancer prevention. They desire to have a publicly funded human papillomavirus immunisation programme, friendly medical environments, sufficient knowledge and open-minded society to maintain their health. Such reflection information is helpful to design effective human papillomavirus-related cervical cancer prevention campaigns.

RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE:

Young women do not know how to protect against human papillomavirus infection, although human papillomavirus-related cervical cancer prevention methods are definite. This study provides useful information for health care professionals to assess the intervention education and health care to develop a thorough human papillomavirus-related cervical cancer programme. To have control of human papillomavirus-related cervical cancer for young women, personal health care management, prophylactic medicine and Pap tests should be integrated into human papillomavirus-related cervical cancer campaigns.

KEYWORDS:

HPV-related cervical cancer prevention; Taiwanese college women; cervical cancer; human papillomavirus; young women

PMID:
23521597
DOI:
10.1111/jocn.12051
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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